Comprehensive Solutions to Complex Challenges Across New Zealand

FASTRAC training -
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Team Response Around the Client

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) is a term used to describe a range of conditions and disabilities that can occur in children and adults exposed to alcohol prior to birth.

FASD is a form of acquired brain injury which occurs in utero and manifests as a neurodevelopmental disorder. FASD is characterised by impairment in multiple areas of brain functioning and, in some cases, characteristic facial features, extremely small head circumference and other birth defects which vary for each individual.

FASD is a hidden disability because there may be subtle to no effects on the physical appearance of the affected individual, yet there can be learning and/or behavioural problems that can have a significant effect throughout the person’s life.

FASD is a disability with two parts:

The primary disability is a brain injury

  • Static/ permanent brain injury
  • Diffuse brain injury
  • Cannot be fixed

Secondary disabilities

  • Develop as a result of the primary disability
  • Chronic, severe and expensive
  • Responsive to interventions

These secondary disabilities can lead to:

  • Mental Health challenges
  • Disruptive school
  • Trouble with the law
  • Inappropriate sexual behaviour
  • Confinement
  • Alcohol and drug abuse

How We Help

We work with neurodiverse clients across the full developmental spectrum – infants to adults, who are neurodiverse.

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD)


Trauma and Attachment Disorders


Auditory Processing Disorder (APD)


Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD)


Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD)


Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)


Global Development Delays


Specific Learning Disabilities


Developmental Language Disorders


Speech Disorders


Higher Cognitive Language Disorders In Adults


Articulation Disorders


Dyslexia and Praxis